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   2019| Jan-Jun  | Volume 2 | Issue 3  
    Online since October 11, 2021

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Treatment of Tūkkamiṉmai (Insomnia) Through Siddha Yoga Practice Tirumūlar Piraṇāyāmam: A Case Report
Joshil , S Merish, AS Poongodi Kanthimathi
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):3-9
Introduction: Tūkkamiṉmai (insomnia) is an emerging factor in this current scenario among adults. In India, sleeplessness is more prevalent among adolescent age group population because of modified life styles activities. 29 years old female visited the Department of Siddhar Yoga Maruthuvam of Government Siddha medical college with complaints of sleeplessness (Tūkkamiṉmai) over the period of past 3 months. Methodology: Her pulse (Nāţiparicōtaṉai) was predominating in Pitta vātam. The Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Epworth Sleepiness scale has been used as a standard tool to measure the status of sleep and sleepiness status respectively. Diagnosed as Tūkkamiṉmai (insomnia) and provided Siddhar Tirumūlar Piraṇāyāmamas recommended by Siddha text Siddhar Sirappu Maruthuvam. Results: On seventh day of practicing of Tirumūlar Piraṇāyāmam, her sleep got to normal without any disturbances and followed the case of 3 weeks. After starting the intervention, she got a good sleep from the 1st week itself. In follow-up, the quality of sleep and sleepiness stage improved well in the 3rd week. The Sleep Quality Scale and Sleepiness Measurement Questionnaire was used before and after the practice of Tirumūlar Piraṇāyāmamfor sleeplessness. Conclusion: This study provides us a lead to initiatelarge-scalestudies (case series, observational studies, RCTCs etc) for sleep regulation with Yoga. The Siddha Tirumūlar Piraṇāyāmam practice could make a definite impact on sleep regulation centers and neuronal systems over the body. Through holistic care, Siddha Yogam along with proper clinical history, clinical diagnosis, the emerging sleep disturbances and rehabilitation from electronic syndromes are not a height for the Siddhar Yoga Maruttuvam.
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Views of Agathiyar, Bogar, Pulathiyar and Thirumoolar about Ashtanga Yogam
Binthuja G Dharan
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):49-52
The body, which is the temple of the spirit is not an eternal one. However, the spirit and the mind can be made one through the practice of Yogam. Ashtanga Yogam or the Eight Limbs of yoga serve as the base for the proper practice of Yogam. The most commonly practiced yoga being the ‘Patanjali Yoga’, there were several other Siddhars who have made massive contributions in the field of Ashtanga Yoga. This article aims at throwing light on the concepts made by the various Siddhars on Yoga.
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Management of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) by Yoga and Siddha intervention - A case study
R Thilagavathi
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):10-13
Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder among women in reproductive age. PCOS often develop around the time of first menstrual period during puberty. PCOS, a multisystem disease, is a major reason for female infertility around the world. Menstrual irregularity and the evidences of hyperandrogenism are the characteristics features of PCOS. A 23-year-old female with complaints of irregular menstruation, severe acne in the face visited Siddha Clinical Research Unit, Bengaluru in January 2018.History revealed that she was suffering from PCOS since 2010 and she was under allopathic treatment since then. She was subjected to Ultrasonogram (USG)- abdomen once in 6 monthsduring allopathy treatment, results showed no remarkable changes in USG – abdomen and PCOS persists. The patient was treated with Siddha medicines –Elathy chooranam, Arumuga chenduram along with Yoga (Salabhasanam, Pranayamam) for 30 minutes twice a day. There was a notable difference in USG abdomen and menstrual cycle after 1-year treatment with Siddha medicines and Yoga. This case demonstrates that PCOS can be well managed with Siddha medicines integrated with Yoga.
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Effect of siddha medicine and Yogam in Swasakasam (Bronchial Asthma) patient - A case report
P Mirunaleni, K Elavarasan, R Manickavasagam, K Kanakavalli
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):14-17
The prevalence of bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis is on the rise in India. In the Siddha text, Pothu maruthuvam, bronchial asthma is referred to Swasakasam. Among the different modalities of treatment, poly-herbal combinations, yoga practice and pranayamam are said to be well-accepted, safe and effective in treating Swasakasam. 39-year-old old male, IT professional was referred to Siddha wing at Integrated AYUSH OPD, All India Institute of Ayurveda, for the management of bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis. He was treated with Siddha medicines, Yogam and pranayamam practice for 3 months. He showed significant improvement in control of asthma, reduction in taking salbutamol puff, anti - histamine drugs and his quality of life improved.
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Human hibernation and Samadhi Niai of Cittar Attanga Yogam - A literature review
M Harihara Mahadevan, KP Vanmathi, C Eswaran
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):53-57
Attangayogam explained in Gnana noolgal (Philosophical texts) of Cittarkal are unexplored by scientific community as there is a common opinion that they deal only with spirituality and philosophy. The basic philosophy behind Siddha medicine and Siddha pharmacological preparations roots from the philosophies mentioned in Gnana noolgal. As these philosophies were framed by observing nature and interpretation of science behind the natural phenomenon. Immortality and longevity were the main goals of Cittarkal in their way to achieve the aim of Attama Citti. Gnana noolgal discuss in detail about the Attanga Yogam practices which are the main tools to attain immortality. The Samadhi nilai mentioned in Cittar texts (Gnana noolgal) mimics hibernation of mammals. This review focuses on comparing ‘Samadhi Nilai’ of Attangayogam with hibernation of mammals.
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Yoga for healthy life: Siddhar thirumoolar’s concept in siddha system of medicine - An overview
K Kanakavalli, S Natarajan, C Anbarasi
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):18-21
Yoga has gained popularity all over the world. Asanas are now focussed as the prime factor of Yoga. Currently this yogic posturehas been taken up by the spa industry too. But the Indian philosophy of Yoga differs with the current trend. Self-realization is the main motto of doing yoga. Siddha system of medicine describes yoga as one of the components of kaya karpam, i.e., rejuvenation. Even though many Siddhars have mentioned about yoga, this paper deals with the concepts of yoga by Siddhar Thirumoolar.
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Prevention and Curative Aspect of Siddha Therapeutic Yoga Sarvangasanam in Uterine Disorders
K Arunachalam, DS Vaniswari, K Nandhagopal, S Radha, K Samraj
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):34-36
Siddha system of medicine is well known unique treatment and popular in Southern part of India. Siddhars conquered death, attained perfection and have discovered and endowed the valuable yogic asanas to the human beings. Enormous traditional formulations and yogic asanas are mentioned for various ailments in many Siddha texts. Sarvangasanam is one of the reputed asanas in Siddha system that deals with the management of uterine disorders and in prevention of morbidity and increases the life span of human being. This article highlights the conspectus on Sarvangasanamand its benefits especially in the management of uterine and endocrine disorders in women.
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Popularizing Yoga: Challenges ahead
K Kanakavalli
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):1-2
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Concept of Pranayamam in Naadi, habitat and seasonal changes - A review
M Subhathra, B Vikesh, R Manickavasagam
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):37-41
Yogam plays an important role in Siddha System of Medicine. Siddhar Thirumoolar explains Ashtanga Yogam in Thirumandiram which consist of various aspects in human life. Pranayamam is the fourth Angamor limb of Ashtanga Yoga. Pranayamam means breath control. The aim of practicing Pranayamam is to stimulate, regulate and harmonize vital energy of the body. In the human body, this universal pranan has been observed to move in specific ways in specific regions in the body, regulating and controlling physical and mental function. While, doing pranayamam it purifies our human body. The Vayu cannot enter the Nadis if they are full of impurities. Therefore, first, they should be purified and then Pranayamam (vasi) should be practiced. If you practice pranayamam regularly our naadi and ulthathuvangal will be maintained properly.
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Therapeutic efficacy of Yoga in non- Communicable diseases
G Yogalakshmi, HN Sofia, K Manickavasakam
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):22-28
Yoga, which originated in India 5000 years ago, helps the human beings to make their body healthy. Yoga is an essential practice to increase the physical and mental activity and prevent the occurrence of Non-Communicable Diseases. Yoga practice can improve the function of different system of the body, foster psychological wellbeing and improve the oxygen delivery to tissue, remove the metabolic waste product, carcinogens and cellular toxin and scientific evidence has begun to emphasize its efficacy. It helps to get rid of toxic substances which create disturbances in the body. In this review, the authors explain the role of various yoga practices in the management of four major Non-Communicable Diseases i.e. Diabetes Mellitus, Respiratory Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases and Cancer based on evidences from various literatures and research and review articles.
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Yoga a reassuring therapy for improving quality of life in cancer survivors - A review
S Vinayak, R Shyamala, W Eugene, K Kanakavalli
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):42-48
Introduction: Therapeutic yoga in Indian System of Medicine (ISM) is nowadays considered as one of the primary modalities of an integrated line of therapies for disease prevention, and in palliative care, as recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO). It is better to describe it as a vital part of drugless (Non-pharmacological) therapies that offer a supplemental or even alternative management system in the management of certain disease states. Most of the works on yoga on previous periods were conducted mainly in clinical subjects pertaining to lifestyle disorders, rheumatism, and psychosomatic disorders. Now recent investigators concentrate more on its effects for improving the quality of life in different variants of cancer survivors. Methodology: References from various published works of literature concerned with yoga, clinical research in cancer were reviewed and documented to acquire a better understanding in the success of implementing yoga as a complementary therapy for cancer patients. Observation and Discussion: In all the reported research works pertaining to yoga and cancer, the response of yoga and its allied practical principles in cancer victims was remarkable. Most of the studies included control and test groups with a fixed module of yogic practices, relaxation techniques, and meditation steps. In spite of common procedures to all the subjects, all of them showed significant improvement in the particular measures on physical and psychological planes. In the review of various resourceful literature works, we may ascertain the fact that the feasibility and potential efficacy of yoga as a supplementary therapy in cancer types is to be understood in an angle of practicability, with much concern over patience and accuracy for getting the desired results. The sessions are repeated for longer durations as indicated in most of the outcome studies. Long-term basis of well-disciplined practice only yields fruitful results. Conclusion: The divine practices of yoga and its principles may be advocated as supportive therapy in all the health care facilities in a view of prevention and management of metabolic diseases like cancers.
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Yoga as remedy for insomnia- A review
KS Maanickha Chelvi, A Kanagarajan
Jan-Jun 2019, 2(3):29-33
Today’s corporate culture has brought in many illnesses, stress related ailments among which insomnia is being very common. Insomnia is commonest cause for all mental related health problems. Insomniadirectlyaffected work performance, both in the office and at home. Objectives: Reviewing the-Randomized control trials(RCT) and preclinical study trials of Yoga intervention (Classical yoga session, YOCAS, Patanjali from VYASA and Integrated types) forinsomnia. To observe the effect of Yoga in the improving the sleep, decreasing the disease condition and any other changes in the Quality of life, by using the following assessment tools; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Actigraphy and Turkish Version of Nottingham Health Profile. Results: Most of the trials (RCT and Preclinical study),Yoga intervention improved the sleep quality, compared to control groups assessed by Turkish Version of Nottingham Health Profile,Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Actigraphy. The review paper includes the trial conducted among the adolescents, post-menopausal women and cancer patients. In post-menopausal group women, Yoga played significant changes in climacteric symptoms and insomnia severity and higher scores for quality of life and resistance phase of stress in cancer patients.
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