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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-77

Standardization of Crateva religiosa G. Forst. leaf by pharmacognostical studies

1 Department of Pharmacognosy, SCRI, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Madurai Medial College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Ramu Mohanapriya
Department of Pharmacognosy, SCRI, Chennai – 600 106, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrsm.jrsm_12_22

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Background: Crateva religiosa belongs to the family Capparaceae or Capparidaceae commonly known as Caper family. Leaves are used as stomachic, tonic, effective counter irritant, antirheumatic, and rubefacient. Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the pharmacognostical and phytochemical parameters of C. religiosa G. Forst. fresh leaves. Materials and Methods: Pharmacognostical, physicochemical, and phytochemical parameters were determined according to the standard procedure. Results: Macroscopical evaluation showed that the leaves were ovate or broadly elliptical with acute base and exstipulate with the entire margin. Leaves are smooth, with densely reticulate venation. The quantitative constants such as epidermal number, stomatal number and index, palisade ratio, vein islet, and termination number were determined. The powder microscopic investigations were carried out, and the characters were studied and documented. Phytochemical studies included physicochemical analysis, preliminary phytochemical analysis, UV–Vis spectroscopy, and high-performance thin-layer chromatography. Conclusion: The identified parameters will be useful for authentication and quality control of the drug.

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