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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 54-58

Dasa Vayu Pinnal technique: a unique Siddha Varmam technique—revisited

Kanchi Kamakoti CHILDS Trust Hospital (KKCTH) and The CHILDS Trust Medical Research Foundation (CTMRF), Nungambakkam, Chennai, India

Date of Submission29-Jun-2022
Date of Acceptance09-Nov-2022
Date of Web Publication23-Jan-2023

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Senthilnathan Subramanian
Kanchi Kamakoti CHILDS Trust Hospital (KKCTH) and The CHILDS Trust Medical Research Foundation (CTMRF), 12-A, Nageswara Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai - 600 034
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrsm.jrsm_16_22

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Varmam, an ancient Siddha science, describes vital points working in conjuncture with 10 vayus, which are vital for physiological functioning. The imbalance of these vayus leads to various pathological processes. Siddhas practice a unique Varma manipulation in the earlier stages of the disease in regulating these vayus to avoid further progression of the disease. That is called “Thiruvadi Dasa Vayu Pinnal” technique. Dasa Vayu Pinnal is a traditional Varmam maneuver performed in and around umbilicus and finally draining the lymphatic system toward the lower limb. Arranging these deranged vayus in appropriate direction will curb the disease progression.

Keywords: Dasa Vayu Pinnal, Siddha, south India, Varmam

How to cite this article:
Subramanian S, Amperayani S. Dasa Vayu Pinnal technique: a unique Siddha Varmam technique—revisited. J Res Siddha Med 2021;4:54-8

How to cite this URL:
Subramanian S, Amperayani S. Dasa Vayu Pinnal technique: a unique Siddha Varmam technique—revisited. J Res Siddha Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2023 Feb 6];4:54-8. Available from: http://www.jrsm.in/text.asp?2021/4/2/54/368440

  Introduction Top

Varmam, an ancient Siddha medical scientific technique, is widely practiced in South India,[1] especially in Tamil Nadu. Varmam defined as important energy storage spots in the body, via which vital energy is transported to various regions of the body and all bodily activities are regulated. The interaction between vital points all over the body and the respective physical and ethereal bodies is taken into account and corrected by a scientific technique performed.[2] It helps in restoring the imbalance in physiological functions, thus fixing the course of the life force through “naadis” (energy channels).

Vital energy (Saram) flows throughout the body, through energy channels (Naadis), and densely concentrate in specific critical points (Varma pulli). Any disruption or injury to these Varma points leads to disease. Dasa vayus (10 vital forces—Pranan, Abanan, Viyanan, Samanan, Udhanan, Naagan, Koorman, Kirugaran, Devathathan, Thanajeyan) and Dasa Naadis (10 energy channels—Edakalai, Pinkalai, Chulumunai, Singuvai, Puruden, Kanthari, Athi, Alampudai, Changini, Gugu) play major in carrying the vital energy through our the body. The imbalance in the connectivity may lead to ailments.[2]

The “Fundamentals of Varma Medicine,” with around 160 classical texts, describes the science of Varmam in Tamil language.[2]Siddha Varmam science is practiced and taught strictly with the Guru–Sishya manner (master and disciple). Varma teachers are called “Varma Asan.” Varma Asan Palpandiyan Ayya describes Siddha Varmam science and the three vital principles.[3]

The first principle—Prana

The focus of Prana states that everything in this universe is in constant motion and dynamic and nothing is static. The human body too is in continuous interaction with the universe. This continuous interaction results in forming a life force called “prana” being consumed and exchanged within the body.

The second principle—Amirtham

The principle of Amirtham (Ambrosia or nectar of life) is the primary chemical principle that makes life ongoing. According to the Siddha principle, this ascends through the Varma points situated on the left half of the body after the new moon (Amarapaksham) and descends through the right half of the body after the full moon (Poorvapaksham).

The third principle—Thathuvam

The principle or the Thathuvams state that all this “pranic” life force and Amirtham, mentioned above, interact through different channels in the body called “Thathuvams.” There are 96 such Thathuvams or fundamental life principles in the human body. With this brief introduction, this review plunges into the proper technique, its description, and then discusses it in detail.

The objective of this short communication is to disseminate the three principles in this Varmam technique and its practice.

  Methods/Procedure Top

Dasa Vayu Pinnal (DVP) technique involves soft touching in and around the umbilicus in clockwise and anticlock patterns and finally draining the lymphatic system toward the lower limb.

The patient is advised to lie in bed in the anatomical position and take a deep breath to put the nervous system at ease. Varmanian (Varmam expert) will be standing or sitting comfortably beside the patient’s abdomen. After explaining the maneuver to the patient, with Varmanian’ s flexed elbow joint tip, clock and anticlock rotations will be performed around the patient’s umbilical region and an outward, gentle rub with the palm thenar region from the umbilical region in four directions (up, down, right, and left) for three times, a gentle outward rub with the thumb in six directions three times (up, down, right, left, along with four quadrants), and with moderate pressure with the hand, the medial part of both lower limbs will be rubbed simultaneously up to the ankle joint three times, and the patient is advised to lie in the same position for 2 min after completing the procedure.

This procedure can be performed to an individual from the age of 1 year and should be carried out in empty stomach condition. In the “Thiruvadi Dasa Vayu Pinnal” technique, Thiruvadi signifies the lineage of teachers who have expounded and promulgated this technique. DVP Varma technique has been kept in vogue, since time immemorial by Thiruvadi lineage Asans (masters) and their spiritual and ideological descendants.[4] DVP will be performed initially once a day, and depends on the severity and chronicity of the disease, schedule may differ accordingly. Any trauma on abdominal surgical operation and pregnancy within 6 months is a relative contraindication. This technique helps in all chronic diseases from diabetes to acute conditions of abdomen. Arranging these deranged vayus of inappropriate direction will curb the disease progress. Although the actual procedure per se would take only 10 min, the complete assessment of the patient, briefing to the patient, getting consent, and further processing to finish the procedure might take 30 min. In this system, no immediate or chronic complications have neither been documented nor experienced till now [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Dasa Vayu Pinnal illustration. This demonstrates the actual technique of Dasa Vayu Pinnal. With Varmanian’ s flexed elbow joint tip, clock and anticlock rotations will be performed around the patient’s umbilical region and finally gentle downward rub on the medial aspect of the both lower limbs

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  Discussion Top

Varmam is a unique manipulation technique, which is a part of the Siddha system of medicine. The human body is an inherent part (microcosm) of the larger universe (macrocosm). It signifies the human body as a mini-universe, a microcosm that exists and interacts with the more prominent material universe.[3] What exists in the universe exists in the human body, and vice versa. The human body is a part of the universe, which is composed of five primordial elements, or Panchabootham, viz. earth, water, fire, air, and space. The Panchikaranam theory (theory of five-fold combination) of Siddha science explains the origin and formation of these essential elements and the role of these five elements in the construction of every substance in the universe, including human beings.[5] This theory proposes that 96 fundamental life principles (Thathuvams) exist in the human body [Table 1].[6] These basic principles include the physical, physiological, mental, and intellectual components of a human being. They are nothing but the manifestations of the five primordial elements (Panchabhoothams). According to the Varma text “Odi Murivu Sari Nool,” there are 108 Varma points in our body that regulate the flow through 72,000 nadis.[7]
Table 1: The 96 fundamental principles or 96 Thathuvams quoted in the text

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Classification of 108 Varma in Siddha literature

  • Padu Varmam: 12 (Padu—interaction)

  • Thodu Varmam: 96 (Thodu—touch)

  • These Varma points are interrelated with the subtle body, and an in-depth understanding and experience play a critical role of a Varma therapist in treating a disease.[8]

    Uyir thathukkal (three humors)

    The determination of the physical body and Uyir (pranic force) connectivity is through the three “uyir thathukkals,” meaning life forces, “Vaatham, Pitham, and Kabham.”[9]

    In Siddha, Vaatham, Pitham, and Kabham are the three humors responsible for creating, preserving, and destroying the human body and health. When they are in the state of equilibrium (4:2:1—the ratio in which they exist), the body remains in a healthy condition. At the same time, any disturbance in the balance leads to a diseased state or death.

    Vaatham representsthe elements’ “air” and “space.” It is responsible for all the mind and body movements. Motor and sensory activities are said to be governed by Vaatham.

    Pitham represents the element “fire” in our body and is responsible for preserving health. It maintains the body’s heat for normal physiology and dominates the chest and abdominal areas.

    Kabham is the combination of earth and water elements responsible for strength, joint movements, body building, and endurance. It dominates the head and neck regions.

    Among the 96 Thathuvams, three humors (Vaatham, Pitham, Kabham), five primordial elements (Panchabootham), 10 vayus (vital forces), 10 naadis (energy channels), and six chakras (subtle energy plexuses—Mooladharam, Swadhistanam, Manipoorakam, Anahatam, Visuddhi, and Agnai) are the major components of this scientific technique of Varmam.

    Ten vital forces and 10 vital energy channels are combined and thus conduct the physiological functions of the human body. Among the 10 essential channels, Idakalai, Pingalai, and Suzhumunai are the significant channels that carry vital energy “saram” throughout the body and communicate with the 10 vital forces in the body’s normal physiological functions. The initial components in the body that gets disturbed are the five major vital forces (vayus), followed by five important minor forces (vayus), and these make up the Dasa vayus in the technique of DVP. The physiological functions of the 10 vayus and their limitations are explained clearly in [Table 2].[10]
    Table 2: The 10 vayus (Dasa vayus) and their life functions

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    “Thiruvadi” Dasa Vayu Pinnal

    “Thiruvadi” is the ancient Guru Sishya lineage; at present, Varma Asan Palpandiyan Ayya, who came under this sacred lineage, teaches Varmam to his students. DVP Varma technique has been kept in vogue, since time immemorial by Thiruvadi lineage Asans (masters) and their spiritual and ideological descendants. His disciples, who got trained under Asan, practice this DVP technique in India and in European countries.

    DVP is the primary and unique Varma technique to keep Samanan and other vayus intact, facilitating a disease-free body and mind and controlling chronic disorders. Among the 10 vayus, Pranan, Udanan, Samanan, Abanan, and Viyanan are the five main vayus that hold a vital role in physiological functioning such as breathing, cardiac functioning, digestion, thought process, expression, etc. Samanan vayu controls every vayu and runs between the umbilicus (nabhi) and the lower limbs, facilitating proper digestion and cellular level assimilation throughout the body.[2] DVP is currently practiced by the Siddha physicians who trained under Asan Palpandiyan, and the outcome from patient feedback gives lead for new indications. It depends on the application of DVP on a regular basis, and an observation of symptoms during a particular period will reveal further clinical significance. As per the Siddha pathological reference quote “vatamaladhu meni ketathu” by Sage Theraiyar, the origin of any disease within the body will initially disturb the vayus.[11]

    The imbalance of these vayus leads to the initiation of various pathophysiological processes, starting from acute fever to chronic metabolic problems, which ultimately lead to diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, etc. Siddhas practice a unique Varma manipulation in the early stages of the disease, regulating these vayus to avoid further disease progression.

      Conclusions Top

    With the principles and practice of Prana, Amirtham, and Thathuvam, the DVP helps heal chronic diseases like diabetes and acute conditions like the acute abdomen. Arranging this disarrayed vayus in the appropriate direction will curtail the disease’s progress. Samanan vayu is the critical vayu in coordinating and controlling the other vayus. If they are reorganized, the vayus in their respective functional areas will reboot the physiological processes, and the body will heal itself. DVP will be the initial technique that leads to approaching the other Varma points for better performance results on a patient. Because this is a preliminary observation of DVP reported by the practicing physicians, further in-depth analysis is recommended, which we plan to execute in the future.


    I am thankful to my Honorable Guru from the Thiruvadi lineage, who taught and train me this technique and allowed me to write and explore.

    Financial support and sponsorship


    Conflicts of interest

    There are no conflicts of interest.

    Authors’ contributions

    SS performed the technique and documented it, did literature search, and prepared the article. SA assisted in preparing the article.

    Written and informed consent

    Written and informed consent of the next of kin for publication has been obtained and the same is being affirmed.

      References Top

    Sieler R. Lethal Spots, Vital Secrets: Medicine and Martial Arts in South India. 1st ed. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press; 2015.  Back to cited text no. 1
    Kannan Rajaram T. Fundamental of Varma Medicine. 1st ed. Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu: ATSVS Siddha Medical College; 2007.  Back to cited text no. 2
    Palpandian. Siddhas: Masters of Nature. 1st ed. Thiruvannamalai: White Falcon Publishing; 2019.  Back to cited text no. 3
    Available from: http://www.thiruvadi.org/siddha_lineage.php. [Last accessed on 25 Oct 2022].  Back to cited text no. 4
    Shanmugavelu M. Noi Naadal Noi Mudhal Naadal Thirattu. Part I. Arumbakkam, Chennai: 6th Indian Medicine and Homeopathy Department, Tamil Nadu State Government; 2014.  Back to cited text no. 5
    Shukla SS, Saraf S, Saraf S. Fundamental aspect and basic concept of Siddha medicines. Syst Rev Pharm 2011; 2: 48-54.  Back to cited text no. 6
      [Full text]  
    Kannan Rajaram T. Varma Medicine General. 1st ed. Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu: ATSVS Siddha Medical College; 2008.  Back to cited text no. 7
    Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practice Guideline on Varmam Therapy. 1st ed. Ministry of Health, Malaysia; 2016. Available from: http://tcm.moh.gov.my/en/upload/garispanduan/amalan/VarmamGuideline.pdf. [Last accessed on 25 Oct 2022].  Back to cited text no. 8
    Muthiah K, Ganesan K, Ponnaiah M, Parameswaran S. Concepts of body constitution in traditional Siddha texts: A literature review. J Ayurveda Integr Med 2019;10:131-4.  Back to cited text no. 9
    Uthamaroyan KS. Siddha Maruthuvanga Churukkam. 2nd re-edition. Chennai: Directorate of Indian Medicine & Homeopathy; 2006.  Back to cited text no. 10
    Krishnamoorthy JR. Siddha Maruttuvam. Vol. 3 Cirappiyal. 2nd ed. Chennai: Tamil Valarchi Kazhagam; 2007.  Back to cited text no. 11


      [Figure 1]

      [Table 1], [Table 2]


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