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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 3-7

Review on constituents and activity of Siddha Herbal Formulation Ammaiyar Koondhal Kudineer (AKK) against SARS CoV-2

1 Siddha Clinical Research Unit (CCRS, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India), Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh - 517 507, India
2 National Institute of Siddha, Govt. of India, Chennai - 600 047, India

Correspondence Address:
K Arunachalam
Siddha Clinical Research Unit (CCRS, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India), Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh - 517 507
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: COVID-19 is the current most affecting pandemic disease more than 200 countries. The rapid transmission of corona viral disease is a challenging and invention of an effective drug for its management is the need of the hour. Antiviral drugs, anti-pyretic drugs and immunomodulators are commonly used for the management of SARS CoV-2 infection in Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM). Siddha system of medicine which was indicated since ancient times to treat respiratory illnesses like cough, cold, dyspnoea may possibly have a significant effectiveness on prophylactic and symptomatic management. Ammaiyar Koondhal Kudineer (AKK) is a classical Siddha formulation, which was formulated by sage Therar for the management of vishakaichal (fever). This drug was taken into consideration to explore its antiviral effects. So, an attempt was made to explore the antiviral nature of AKK. The herbals formulated in this Siddha drug such as Cuscuta reflexa, Hemidesmus indicus, Evolvulus alsinoides etc., have pharmacologically proven antiviral properties. Conclusion: This review on its antiviral therapeutic value of AKK helped to bring a new insight to the management of COVID-19. Further preclinical and clinical evaluation will be helpful in ensuring more therapeutic benefits of AKK.

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