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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 30-35

Proximal and Phytochemical Analysis of Wild Jack Fruit Seeds (Artocarpus hirsutus Lam.), Anti-Diabetic and Anti-Microbial Properties and Formulation of Food Products


Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, PSG College of Arts & Science, Civil Aerodrome post, Peelamedu, Coimbatore-641014, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
K Kanjana
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, PSG College of Arts & Science, Civil Aerodrome post, Peelamedu, Coimbatore-641014, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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BACKGROUND: The present study aims at evaluating the proximal principles, phytochemicals, anti-diabetic and anti-microbial activity of Artocarpus hirsutus Lam. (Wild jackfruit) seeds thereafter incorporating the seed powder in food. Negligible studies have been conducted to identify the health benefits of A. hirsutus seeds. Hence, an attempt has been made to explore the active principles in the A. hirsutes seeds. METHODS: The seed powder was extracted using three different solvent extracts viz., methanol, di-ethyl ether and water. The extracts were analysed for phytochemicals (qualitative), proximate principles, anti-bacterial (Salmonella typhi, E.coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebseilla pneumonia) and anti-fungal (Trichoderma viridae, Aspergillus niger) properties using agar well diffusion method and anti-diabetic properties using α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitor activity. Food formulation was done by incorporating the seed powder in traditional foods followed by organoleptic evaluation. RESULTS: The study revealed the presence of phytochemicals such as alkaloids, tannins, sterols and quinine in different solvents and contains greater amounts of carbohydrates and proteins. The study shows the highest anti-microbial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Trichoderma viridae. The seeds contain potent anti-diabetic activity. CONCLUSION: The study concludes that Artocarpus hirsutus seeds are nutritionally enriched and prevents food borne pathogens. The seeds reveal excellent anti-diabetic properties. The seeds are not consumed frequently due to the lack of information on its health benefits. Therefore, the seeds can be incorporated in traditional foods to improve the nutritional quality and enhance the importance of traditional medicines and foods.


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